Twelve Gates Arts is proud to present this solo exhibition of the art of illumination by Iranian-American artist, Behnaz Karjoo. Immanence refers to the divine presence in the material world, as explored in Sufi literature. This theme is reflected in Karjoo’s works on paper within the exhibtion. Islamic Illumination, known as tazhib, is an art form that has been practiced in many parts of the Muslim world for over a millennium. Tazhib is derived from the Arabic word zahab, which means gold. Tazhib was primarily used to decorate manuscripts, a practice which still continues today. Today, tazhib is usually practiced in conjunction with calligraphy. Illuminators use small brushes to create a wide variety of motifs from crushed gold, gouache, watercolor, and natural pigments. In the accompanying workshop, students will be introduced to the material and techniques of this traditional art.